Wednesday, March 18, 2009

Chair #77

—Designed by Eugéne Gaillard

Eugene Gaillard (1862 -1933)
Driven by his love of interior design and decoration, French designer and architect Eugéne Gaillard passed up a career in law to follow his passion. In his early career years Gaillard created interiors for his pavilion at the 1900 Paris Universal Exposition. He became a vocal advocate of modern design with the abstract natural forms of his furniture at this Exposition.

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French Art Nouveau furniture often took its motifs from plant life and the human female form. The wood carving and bronze hardware generally matched each other in terms of motif, very naturalistic and three-dimensional. The more common of these motifs were vintage patterns (grapes and grape leaves), flowers (roses, daisies, irises etc), ivy and berries. This furniture was generally constructed of walnut or mahogany, sometimes with panels of burl, and with oak as the secondary wood. It was occasionally embellished with wrought iron or stained glass or marquetry. 

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